Many body processes follow a 24-hour cycle, for example periods of sleep and wake up, body temperature, blood pressure and hormone levels. It is known as the circadian rhythm and also controls when you get hungry, when your muscles function optimally and when the brain is at its sharpest.
The body’s watch
A small area within the brain’s hippotalamus, the suprachiasmatic nucleus, maintains the circadian rhythms and serves basically as the body’s watch. Daily exposure to light synchronizes the cyclic cycle in a 24-hour day / night rhythm. However, most organs also have their own watches, which work in synchronization with the sikardic rhythms, and regulate the functioning of each organ.
Sikardic rhythms are important for good health and brain functions
General health and brain functions are dependent on the maintenance of the sikthic rhythms. Previous research has already shown that long-term shortage of sleep impair general health and delay recovery processes. Recent research studies also found that irregular eating times adversely affect the cyclic cycle, so that the digestive system can not function optimally. Meals during the sleep phase cause accelerated weight gain in animals compared to those fed during the normal wake-up phase. People who eat during the sleep phase develop heart problems and metabolic deficiencies, which can lead to a per-diabetic condition.
Irregular eating patterns cause brain changes that impede learning and memory
Researchers have now found that when mice that normally eat during the night are fed during the day, brain changes occur in the hippocampus that seriously impair learning and memory. Certain types of behavioral behaviors were particularly vulnerable.
During the experiment, the total number of hours of sleep the mice have not decreased, only the eating rhythms are disturbed by feeding the mice during the day, instead of during the night. Further studies are required before it can be said with certainty that the results are also applicable to people. If it does, however, it can have far-reaching implications for people who are forced to eat outside of their natural body rhythms because of work and social obligations.